The Best Things to Do in Waterford, Ireland’s Oldest City

As I researched the best things to do in Waterford, I stumbled upon stories about the do-not-mess-with-me Vikings, the not-so-joyful Cromwell and the arranged marriage of Strongbow with Princess Aoife. Drama seemed to be Waterford’s middle name, and I couldn’t wait to go.

Waterford has worked hard to bring its cultural heritage to the forefront of the tourism industry. Known as Ireland’s oldest city, it has a rich past and heritage to explore. Located just a little more than 2 hours outside Dublin, this city makes for a great weekend escape from the hustle and bustle of the Irish capital. 

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Best Websites to Book Your Trip to Waterford

  • Where to Stay | Visit to find accommodation in Waterford, or check the latest reviews on TripAdvisor. It is a small city, so book early to avoid disappointment.
  • Travel Insurance | You might need to buy travel insurance before visiting Ireland. Heymondo has a nifty app to help you get the assistance you need while on the go.

How to Get to Waterford From Dublin

Waterford City in Co. Waterford is located on the Southeast coast of Ireland. Bus Eireann, Ireland’s national bus company, will take you there from Dublin in 2.5 hours. Dublin Coach is another option if you choose to travel by bus to Waterford.

I opted for the more comfortable train service. Embark from Dublin Heuston, a 19th century train station on the south side of the River Liffey, for a smooth (hopefully) 2-hour journey to Waterford. From Dublin city centre, you can easily get to Heuston Station with the tram. The train station in Waterford is conveniently located 10-15 minutes on foot from the city centre.

If you decide to rent a car instead, it is an easy drive to Waterford. Follow the motorways M9 or M11 all the way to your destination.

Where to Stay in Waterford

Hotels are mainly located along the Quay, at a walking distance from the main attractions and restaurants. That’s for the positive note. However, they are not many and not always cheap. Plan ahead and do your research, you might find a deal

I stayed at the Fitzwilton, a comfortable and modern four-star hotel, minutes away from the train station, which is convenient if you are travelling with heavy suitcases. The hotel is not located in the historic part of town though, and you will have to walk 15 minutes to get to the main historic sights. It has its own restaurant, a big plus if you decide to dine in after a day out and about. Read my full review of the Fitzwilton Hotel in Waterford to know more about it.

These other options come highly recommended too:

Top Things to Do in Waterford

If you are visiting Waterford for just one or two days, these are the things you shouldn’t miss.

Waterford Viking Triangle | A Dig Into Ireland’s Past

My pre-trip research revealed that Waterford claimed to be Ireland’s oldest city, older than all north European capitals except for London and Paris, and was proudly promoting its Viking history.

Its foundation dates back to 914 when the Vikings established a settlement at the mouth of three rivers: the River Nore, the River Suir and the River Barrow. A very strategic location that could be easily defended and positioned the city on the trade routes between the North and the South of Europe. Its name “Waterford” came from Old Norse “Vadrarfjordr” meaning “Fjord of the rams”.

Reginald's Tower, Waterford, Ireland

A first-timer in the Viking city, I was compelled to walk along Waterford’s long – very looong – Quay where pubs, restaurants, cafés, hotels and diverse shops competed for a view over Waterford’s harbour.

At the end of the Quay, Reginald’s Tower suddenly appeared to me; a fat, sturdy round tower, the city’s landmark monument and Ireland’s oldest civic building. I repeat: Ireland’s OLDEST civic building (everybody should now have a sense of how OLD this place is!) with 800 years of uninterrupted use. At the time of my visit, the tower was housing an exhibition on Viking Waterford. 

Visit Reginald's Tower, among best things to do in Waterford

As I was about to enter the tower, I noticed a plaque above the narrow entrance. The tower was named after Reginald the Dane, one of the Viking rulers of Waterford. No smelly, bloodthirsty, axe-wielding warriors inside though. Just a smiling member of staff trying to keep warm inside these windowless 10 feet wide walls. She advised me to start the visit from the top floor and make my way down for a better experience.

So there I went, climbing two floors and squeezing myself along the narrow, treacherous, spiral staircase hoping not to fall flat on my face. The uneven steps known as ‘stumble steps’ were designed to slow the progression of the attackers. They work equally well with tourists, I’ll tell you…

The staircase inside Reginald's Tower

Reaching the top floor, I sat in front of a short video recounting the history of the place. The first tower had been built by the Vikings after 914 at the apex of a triangular settlement now evocatively known as the Viking Triangle.

Exhibition about Viking Waterford

The tower had been rebuilt in the 12th century by the Anglo-Normans and was the focal point of the medieval defensive walls encircling the city. Various Viking artefacts were exhibited on the different floors of the tower. Who knew the Vikings used dog collars!

As discovered in Reginald’s Tower, the Vikings were not just savages with questionable hairstyles and a love for strong drinks. They were skilled craftsmen and versed tradesmen who had intermarried with the local population. So I felt slightly sorry to learn that in the 12th century they had been booted out of their flourishing Waterford by the King of Leinster, Diarmuid McMurrough

Reginald’s Tower // Parade Quay, Waterford // Book your ticket here.

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Waterford Medieval Museum | Uncover Unique Medieval Treasures

Just around the corner from Reginald’s Tower, squeezed between the Theatre Royal and Christ Church Cathedral (which is the size of a church…), Waterford’s award-winning Medieval Museum was dedicated to showcase a new period in the city’s history. It certainly stood out with its stunning soft yellow curved facade.

The Medieval Museum, one of the best things to do in Waterford

Instead of roaming clueless in the Museum, I chose to take advantage of the guided tour on offer. Medieval Waterford was quite different from Viking Waterford as our guide Richard (his real name, he was great fun) was about to expertly explain and show his small but international (!) group of visitors. Richard described key events of Waterford’s history and endeavoured to evoke a vivid sense of who the people living in Medieval Waterford were while guiding our eyes to unique artefacts.

The Vikings – then still considered outsiders – were driven out of the city by McMurrough with the help of Henry II, King of England, and his Anglo-Norman army, triggering the most important upheaval in Irish history: the Anglo-Norman invasion.

Waterford would forever be remembered as the place where Ireland’s destiny was sealed. It was here in the cathedral that the commander of the Anglo-Norman army, Richard de Clare, commonly known as Strongbow, married in 1170 the King of Leinster’s daughter, Princess Aoife, after his army had conquered Waterford. 

The Marriage of Strongbow and Aoife, Daniel Maclise (1854)
The Marriage of Strongbow and Aoife, Daniel Maclise (1854) – The National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin

Strongbow married Aoife neither out of true love nor for her Celtic beauty. She was just the price tag for Strongbow’s help. So un-romantic! Thanks to his marriage into Irish nobility, Strongbow was to control a fifth of Ireland’s territory, offering a firm foothold on the Emerald Isle for the Kings and Queens of England to come. Declared a Royal City in 1171 Waterford became fiercely loyal to the English crown.

Great Charter Roll, Medieval Museum in Waterford

The English connection was very much visible in the museum. Among its most precious artefacts was the colourful four-metre-long Great Charter Roll, made in Waterford in 1373 depicting the kings of England.

Cap of Maintenance, Waterford Medieval Museum

I will always remember the magnificent fairytale-like shiny bearing sword and the Cap of Maintenance both offered by King Henry VIII (6 marriages, Anne Boleyn losing her head; that rings a bell?) to the Mayor of Waterford in 1536. The luxurious hat made of red Italian velvet is the only piece of the King’s wardrobe to survive to this day. Blame Cromwell and his fanatical spring-cleaning.

Following the Irish Rebellion of 1641, Oliver Cromwell was sent to Ireland by the English Parliament to regain control over the island. He besieged Waterford in 1649-50, but the city, unlike the rest of Ireland, didn’t fall.

as terrible a day as this I have never marched in all my life
– Oliver Cromwell (1649)

A Catholic city under threat, Waterford buried its most sacred treasure in 1650 under the floor of its medieval cathedral. The city could not resist a second siege 9 months later, but Waterford’s treasure was not found.

Buried for 123 years and rediscovered when the cathedral was being demolished, one of the greatest treasures of late medieval Europe became Waterford’s Medieval Museum’s proudest centrepiece: the Waterford cloth-of-gold vestments, the only full set of medieval vestments to survive in Northern Europe. The 15th century vestments, made of Italian silk of Florence and embroidered in Bruges with Bible-inspired designs, were exhibited in a dim room with just enough light to make them glow. The experience was quite mystical. 

Waterford Medieval Museum // The Mall, Waterford // Book your ticket here.

The Bishop’s Palace | Dive Into 18th Century Ireland

Back outside the museum, the most elegant building of the whole city was standing barely 50 metres away from me. The Bishop’s Palace was an 18th century townhouse built for the Anglican bishop that let the visitor get a taste of Georgian Waterford. 

The Bishop's Palace, among the best things to do in Waterford

As I contemplated the entire facade of classic and well-proportioned dimensions from the bottom of the stairs, I couldn’t ignore a sense of deja-vu. The tour guide was about to put an end to my perplexity. The architect had also designed the well-known Leinster House in Dublin, a former ducal palace now home of the Irish Parliament.

Withdrawing Room in the Bishop's Palace, Waterford, Ireland

As I stepped inside, I was transported to 18th century Ireland. The table in the luxurious dining room was set with the largest collection of Waterford Crystal in the world, while the oldest surviving piece of Waterford glass dating back to 1789 was under close camera surveillance.

The pastel blue walls of the withdrawing room were adorned with sumptuous giltwood mirrors that any over-priced boutique hotel would kill to have above its reception desk. In the music room, an antique concert harp also known as a pedal harp was hopelessly waiting for its next musician.

Napoleon Morning Cross

My flag-waving self was taken with excitement when I came across a mourning cross that belonged to Laetitia Wyse Bonaparte, niece of the French Emperor. She had married a rich Catholic man from Waterford and lived in the city for a while. The little black, elegant cross was the only remaining one of the 12 ordered by Napoleon’s mother on his death in 1821. 

The Bishop’s Palace // The Mall, Waterford // Book your ticket here.

Waterford Crystal Factory | Go Behind the Scene of a Century Old Irish Artistry

Just across from the Bishop’s Palace, a building the shape of a black box was housing the sparkling retail store of crystal manufacturer Waterford Crystal. Inside the light was reflecting so intensely on elegant carafes, decanters, Champagne flutes, chandeliers – and I could go on – that I thought I could go blind any minute. The fear of leaving fingerprints all over the pricey crystal was enough to keep me at a safe distance. 

Waterford Crystal Factory, another great thing to do do in Waterford, Ireland

Waterford established its crystal tradition 200 years ago. As mentioned earlier, beautiful early examples of this extraordinary craftsmanship were exhibited in the Bishop’s Palace. I had been amazed the previous year by the magnificent chandeliers hanging in St Patrick’s Hall in Dublin Castle. They were also made of Waterford Crystal.

Making Waterford Crystal

The fun was to take a tour of the manufacturing facilities located just beside the retail store. Walking carefully between the yellow lines, a guide with his microphone was leading the visitors through the different stages of creation. Right under our eyes, vases and bowls were taking shape under the busy fingers of the expert craftsmen.

Taking a tour of the Waterford Crystal Facilities

The men (and women!) were not shy either and would engage in conversation with the visitors curious for more information about their art. Because this was ART. Five years of training to master the art of blowing. Years of apprenticeship to become an accomplished engraver. This was a career for life that required dedication. 

Waterford Crystal

Many of us have seen the famous Waterford crystal on TV in the shape of the 2016 New Year’s Eve ball in New York, in the hands of tennis players or music stars. But few of us know where these sparkling objects actually come from and the work and creativity that is put into them. Now I’m glad to say that next time I watch an award ceremony I’ll have a thought about Waterford and its craftsmen at work.

Waterford Crystal Factory // The Mall, Waterford // Book your ticket here.

If you would like to have a guided tour of Waterford, check the option below:

If you like exploring off-the-beaten-track, historic places, Waterford is a must-see. Steeped in history, the Viking city has a rich story to tell. Its award-winning Medieval Museum is mere evidence of that. Where to go next? Continue your journey through Co. Waterford and unwind in Tramore, a delightful seaside town where you can surf and dine in great restaurants.

Disclaimer: This post may contain affiliate links. If you click on a link, I earn a little money at no extra cost to you.


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